This article examines Armenia’s struggle to balance economic dependence, security concerns, and identity politics between the EU and the EEU. It explores Armenia’s relations with the two unions and the challenges it faces in aligning with their norms and values.
Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 is devastating not only for Ukraine, which fights this unjust bloody war on its territory, but also for the Western community, that supports Ukraine financially, military and constrains Russia via sanctions. Now in the beginning of 2023, many hope that this year will bring victory to Ukraine. But what kind of Ukrainian victory would be the best for the West?
On 23 June 2022, the EU granted official candidate status to Ukraine and Moldova, but to Georgia it issued a new list of fulfilment criteria and a European ‘perspective’. These new criteria present a great hurdle for Georgia to overcome in order to achieve candidate status, at a time when the Russian threat looms larger than ever.
Anatoly Reshetnikov analyses the current Russian-Ukrainien conflict and put’s an eye on the Russian Government’s motives.
The poisoning of Russian opposition politician Alexey Navalny in August 2020 triggered strong international reactions. Anatoly Reshetnikov focuses in his piece on the domestic discussions concerning the incident and analyses the strategy behind pro-Kremlin internet trolls in the Russian public debate.
The emergence of an independent Orthodox Church in Ukraine is likely to create a permanent breakup in the Orthodox world between the Moscow Patriarchate, whose identity lies in the spiritual unity of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, and the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, whose mandate is the coordination and resolution of conflicts within and across Orthodox churches. Theocharis Grigoriadis proposes two models which may offer grounds for the rise of an independent Ukrainian Church without instigating a new Cold War between the Western and Eastern visions of global Orthodoxy.
After peaceful mass protests, Armenian civil society succeeded in forcing the long reigning president Serzh Sargsyan to resign. Opposition leader Nikol Paschinyan was elected by parliament to be the new prime minister. Focusing on the latest political developments, Veronika Beck highlights the biggest domestic struggles Armenia is facing.
Interview with Reinhard Krumm, Head of Friedrich Ebert Stiftung’s Regional Office for Cooperation and Security in Europe in Vienna, on current perspectives of the Western Balkans and its relations with both the EU and Russia.